Definition of human resources management and what are the sections of human resources management?

mohamed elsharkawy
general information
mohamed elsharkawyProofreader: NancySeptember 17, 2023Last update: 8 months ago

Definition of human resources management

Human resources management is defined as a function or organization concerned with managing the organization's employees and organizing human work in it. Human resource management includes several activities such as recruitment, training, performance appraisal and compensation of employees. By hiring the right employees, directing them and developing their potential, human resources management works to ensure that the organization's goals are effectively achieved. Human Resource Management is an essential part of any organization, enhancing communication, retaining talented employees and improving the overall performance of the organization. Human resources management is one of the main elements that influence an organization's success and achieve sustainable development.

What is the meaning of the word management?

The meaning of the word management goes back to Latin origin and means “to serve.” Management represents the coordination and direction of human efforts to achieve specific goals and provide services. The word management is similar to the verbs that mean turning around something or moving from something and returning to it, as it can be said “the thing turns around and around” when referring to turning around something.

The definition of management refers to the process of organizing, directing, coordinating and controlling a group of individuals within an organization, with the aim of achieving a specific goal. It is the process of achieving goals by directing others.

The nature of management includes concepts such as planning, organizing, leadership and control, and includes making use of available resources to achieve the desired benefit. Management is a comprehensive and integrated process for controlling resources and achieving the specific goals of any institution or organization. The administration assumes the role of leadership and management in many areas, whether local or public.

Introduction to human resources management - topic

What is the concept of management science?

The concept of management science is considered an essential part of modern social sciences that focus on developing and improving the work environment in facilities and institutions. Management science is defined as the method in which economic data and forecasts are extracted and a set of models is developed to solve problems and make decisions in companies and organizations.

Management is a comprehensive and multidisciplinary process, which includes direction, planning, organization, coordination, support and encouragement of employees, in addition to monitoring material and human resources with the aim of achieving maximum results in the best ways and with the least effort.

Management science is relative, as there is neither complete right nor wrong in the social sciences. It is merely concepts that seek to develop and improve the process of managing facilities and institutions in ways that are compatible with the requirements of time and environmental modifications.

The areas of application of management science in daily work are varied, as it researches operations, audits and analyzes data, and uses appropriate methods and techniques to make effective decisions. In addition, management science develops strategies to improve the performance of organizations and avoid administrative problems.

Moreover, management science studies the human and social aspects of organizations and how to deal with individuals and achieve the goals desired by the organization. Management science is concerned with coordinating, directing and motivating individuals and groups to achieve sustainable success.

Is human resources management a department of management?

Yes, human resources management is one of the various management departments in organizations and companies. This department is tasked with managing the workforce and human resources of the organization. This department aims to achieve the organization's goals through efficient and effective employee performance. The human resources department is responsible for attracting, selecting, training, developing, evaluating and retaining employees in the organization. The human resources department is one of the vital and essential departments in successful institutions to ensure the smooth operation of the organization and achieve its success and sustainability in the market.

What are the qualifications of a human resources manager?

The Human Resources Manager is an experienced and highly qualified person in the field of human resources management. The director holds a bachelor's degree in human resources, and has practical experience in this field. Must have specialized knowledge in all aspects of human resources management, including recruitment, orientation, training, performance appraisal and pay administration.

It is also essential for the HR manager to have strong communication skills and the ability to build good relationships with employees and senior management. Must have the ability to deal with people, negotiate, and solve problems effectively.

In addition, the HR manager must have extensive knowledge of the laws and regulations governing the field of human resources, including practical laws and labor organizations. He must be able to apply these laws and regulations accurately and respectfully.

The role of the HR manager is not limited to managing employees and implementing HR strategies, but also includes an important advisory role for senior management. The manager must participate in developing policies and procedures and making strategic decisions related to human resources, with a focus on enhancing performance and increasing practical sustainability in the organization.

Human resources management: its concept, importance, types, functions, and sections

What is the purpose of human resources management?

The main goal of human resources management is to provide a suitable and suitable work environment for all employees within the company. It aims to strengthen and consolidate administrative and functional relations between employees. Besides, it seeks to develop the capabilities of every employee and enhance the organizational capabilities of the organization. Human resources management also works to raise the competitive spirit in a single business, as each employee tries to prove his abilities and talents at work. It seeks to achieve organizational goals by attracting, selecting and qualifying appropriate employees. It also aims to provide the necessary human resources, ensure convenient access to data, set and disburse salaries on time, and ensure compliance with established policies and procedures. It also aims to strengthen administrative relations and support teamwork in the organization. Ultimately, HR management aims to ensure that there is a match between an employee's current role and the role expected for him or her in the future.

What are the basic functions of human resources management?

Human Resource Management is one of the vital departments of any organization. It carries out many basic functions aimed at organizing and developing the organization's work force. These functions include developing a strategy for human resources management and providing employees through attraction, proper selection, and appointment. In addition, it also includes job analysis and workforce planning. It is also the responsibility of the Human Resources Department to prepare the organizational structure of the organization, determine wages, design the internal law, manage employee relations, and determine incentives and competencies. Human resource management plays a crucial role in achieving the organization's goals and ensuring its success.

What are the characteristics of human resources management?

Human resource management is the management of organizations' workforce and human resources in a business environment. It specializes in attracting, selecting, hiring, training and developing employees, as well as managing public relations and solving employee-related problems. It aims to achieve the company's goals and vision and enhance the efficiency of job performance by developing appropriate human strategies for the organization.

Human Resources Management is a management position that requires many skills and experiences, as managers must interact with all aspects of the business, ensuring smooth workflow and coordination between employees and the HR department. The philosophy of employee respect lies at the core of human resources management, where the principle of equality in dealing with employees is promoted, active participation is encouraged, and good relations with everyone are encouraged.

Human Resources Management also works to develop human resources and develop their capabilities and skills to advance them and improve their performance. Institutions are also committed to applicable labor laws and legislation in the areas of information, participation and consultation, with the aim of providing a balanced and democratic work environment that enhances the well-being of employees.

Human resources management has evolved since its emergence and today it has become an art and science that requires comprehensive planning and a long-term strategy. By setting strategic goals for the organization and directing employees in the direction of achieving these goals, human resources management is able to use human resources efficiently and achieve maximum benefit from them.

The concept of human resources management - topic

What are the departments of human resources management?

  1. Reception:
    The reception department is considered one of the most important departments in human resources management, as it receives and receives new employees and addresses their initial requirements, such as giving them basic information about the organization’s policies and procedures and directing them to various other departments in case of need. This section is also responsible for receiving comments and complaints related to employees and transferring them to the competent authorities to deal with them.
  2. Employment Department:
    The recruitment department takes care of all the processes related to recruiting and selecting new employees. This department prepares job advertisements, sorts resumes, conducts personal interviews, and examines applicants' files. In addition, the Employment Department organizes training courses and workshops related to developing employees’ skills and enhancing their personal and professional capabilities.
  3. training and development Department:
    The Training and Development Department is concerned with developing and improving the skills of current employees in the organization. This department designs and organizes training programs and workshops, and provides the necessary training to achieve sustainable development for employees in specific fields. The Training and Development Department also aims to raise the level of awareness and knowledge among employees and enhance the spirit of teamwork within the organization.
  4. public relations section:
    The Public Relations Department is responsible for building and strengthening relationships between the organization, the local community, customers and partners. This department is concerned with facilitating effective and sustainable communication between employees, individuals and other entities. The Public Relations Department also organizes the organization's events and events and manages media relations and internal communication.

What are the modern methods in human resources management?

Modern methods in human resources management are considered an essential part of the development and improvement of human resources management processes in modern organizations. These methods are divided into three main styles: participatory, directive, and teamwork.

First, participatory methods rely on employee participation in the decision-making process, setting goals, and developing policies and procedures. Employees are encouraged to exchange ideas and participate in important decisions.

In addition, directive methods rely on enhanced direction and strong supervision by management. Objectives are clearly defined, the role of employees is defined, guidance is given, and continuous feedback is provided to improve performance.

As for the work team, it is considered one of the modern methods of human resources management that encourages the formation of cooperative and integrated work teams instead of individual work. Collaboration and communication between team members is enhanced to achieve common goals in a more effective manner.

In general, modern approaches to human resource management are characterized by a focus on employee engagement, improving communication and collaboration, directing work and enhancing the opportunity for shared success in the organization. These methods are necessary for the continuity and development of modern organizations in light of the challenges and changing requirements in the labor market.

What is the difference between human resources management and human resources?

Human Resource Management and HR are two important departments in organizations, and although their roles overlap to some extent, they focus on different aspects and have different goals and tasks.

Human Resource Management (HRM) is concerned with managing the organizations workforce or human resources. This department is concerned with various aspects of employee recruitment, selection, training, evaluation, and reward. The human resources department handles the details of salary, leave and benefits for employees, and tracks their performance. This department focuses on the operational and administrative aspects of human resources in the company.

On the other hand, human resources works to develop and develop human resources in organizations. This management includes creating a bridge of communication between employees and management, and enhancing cooperation and interaction between them. Human Resources uses employee development tools and programs, provides training courses and employment fairs, and provides a work environment that motivates employees to develop their skills and increase their productivity.

In general, human resources management can be considered more focused on the operational and administrative aspects of human resources in an organization, while human resources is concerned with developing human resources and improving their performance. Depending on the organization's needs and goals, each department can have its specific role and contribute to achieving success and excellence in the organization.

Who is responsible for human resources management?

The Human Resources Manager is responsible for managing the organization's human resources. The human resources department is considered a fundamental force in organizing the organization and providing advice and suggestions related to human resources to the responsible manager.

The role of this department includes many important matters, such as setting wages and salaries and preparing annual reports for increases, incentives and bonuses. In addition, the HR manager evaluates employees' performance semi-annually to ensure that they receive their salaries correctly and on time.

The duties of a human resources manager also include preparing budgets and attracting, selecting and hiring the right employees in the organization. The role also requires the ability to identify the qualifications and experience required for candidates.

The Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) is one of the most important officials in a company, managing all aspects of the workforce. His role includes formulating a human resources strategy that ensures the organization's goals are achieved. In addition, human resources management is today considered one of the most important administrative functions in any organization, as it plays an essential role in enhancing performance and achieving success.

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